Story settings will help to create a mood. Realtors often say that location is everything, and the same can be said of story locations. Consider some of the stories that have had an impact on you, and chances are high that you'll remember where the author situated the story.
Sometimes the difference between a good story and a great story lies in the care with which a story setting is chosen and depicted. Whenever possible, choose a unique location that will interest readers. Give them something out of the ordinary to keep them reading.
In Burning Ground I set the novel at an isolated northern fire tower because I once worked as a fire lookout, and people always expressed curiosity about that. In Burning Ground, the setting plays such an important role that it is almost like another character and provides much of the conflict in the story.
The protagonist's actions are determined by the world she lives in, and she battles the environment as much as she battles her psychological demons. By the time I finished writing the novel, the isolated story setting had become a metaphor for her psychological isolation.
Use vivid description to sear details of story settings into the reader's memory. Here's an example from Burning Ground:
In that passage, I hoped to engage the reader's senses and build a mental picture as I described not only the landscape, but also the firetower. I wanted to suggest the height of the tower as the protagonist climbed, and also the noise the tower made as she raced up it.
Have your characters react to story settings and respond to what they see, feel, or touch. In another example from Burning Ground, I have lightning hit the tower as the protagonist climbs:
Aim to engage the reader's imagination, so that his or her mind spins details into an enhanced replica of what has been read. The right details should make the reader feel as though he is on the spot with the character, so take nothing for granted as you describe both location and action. But don't overdo it, either. A long list of details can be less effective than one, carefully chosen.
If your characters are at the beach, write story settings that describe the sound of the surf, the taste and sting of salt air, and the warmth and feel of sand against bare feet. If it is important to the story, describe a few passersby, and whether crowds swarm the beach or it stretches bare into the distance.
Allow readers to feel the wind, heat, or other weather conditions. What else resides on the beach? Plastic wrappers? Running shoes set by a trash bin? Either of these could suggest much about the location.
A story where the characters munch on Big Macs will be very different from one in which the characters sit down to coq au vin and a glass of Chardonnay. Whether they have this meal at home or in a restaurant makes a difference, too, and if the meal is served to them, readers will appreciate some details about the restaurant, as well.
Story settings include much more than simple description of place. Think of setting as the stage which contains your story, as important as any character. It informs readers of geography, climate, time, social context, politics, architecture, and much more. And it determines the thoughts and actions of your characters.
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